[Introduction to the tool]
Key arguments: the physical and psychological impact of torture prevents torture victims from engaging effectively in processes that determine their right to remain in a third country. As a result, these processes often produce negative decisions despite the individual having a substantively strong protection claim. Therefore, States should put in place special measure that ensure that torture victims are identified, receive support and have their protection claims evaluated in a process that gives them an effective remedy in light of their special needs.
Central international laws, policies and cases:
UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984; https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/ProfessionalInterest/cat.pdf
UN Committee against torture, General Comment No. 3 on the implementation of article 14 by States parties, CAT/C/GC/3, 2012; https://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cat/docs/gc/cat-c-gc-3_en.pdf
UN Global compact on refugees, A/73/12 (Part II)*, 2018; https://www.unhcr.org/gcr/GCR_English.pdf
UN Committee against torture, General comment No. 4 on the implementation of article 3 of the Convention in the context of article 22, CAT/C/GC/4, 2017; http://docstore.ohchr.org/SelfServices/FilesHandler.ashx?enc=6QkG1d%2fPPRiCAqhKb7yhskvE%2bTuw1mw%2fKU18dCyrYrZBES0pgkG84G5A46LqLcmLJHtrYXeRG%2bf61gKEGS8nqmbQRCJR0BnWCaY4XxrLfz8%3d